A Tribute to Mountains Uttarakhand
The state of Uttarakhand was formed on 9th November, 2000 as the part of Republic India. Uttarakhand is also known as Devabhumi (literally "Land of the Gods"). It is one of the 27th state of India. Uttarakhand is traditionally known for its culture and beauty of nature in all over the world. There are many writers known all over the world who belong to Himalayan region such like Sumitranandan Pant, Gaura Pant Shivani, Shailesh Matiyani, Shekhar Joshi and Manohar Shyam Joshi. The life style in mountain is quite simple. Uttarakhand can be divided into two divisions, Gharwall and Kumauo, with an entirety of 13 districts. The capital of Uttarakhand is . The life style of a mountain region is very simple. An individual comes to mountain for finding true meaning of life and make them self motivated toward living life. The literacy rate of Uttarakhand is 79.63% with 88.33% literacy for males and 70.70% literacy for females according to the census in 2011. The state stands at 17th position in India when it comes to literacy.
Cultural differences are found in mountain areas, as per the region, you will find food, clothes, languages also differ. Cultural diversity in remote mountain regions is closely linked to biodiversity, as there is a symbiotic relationship between habitats and cultures, and between ecosystems and cultural identity; indeed, religious rules and rituals often strengthen this relationship and are characterized by a conservation ethic. Since Uttarakhand comprises of both hilly and plain terrains that eventually demarcate the lifestyle in the state, and then there are areas in the hill that are remote and difficult to access, where obviously the way of life is entirely different. The urban areas like Dehradun, Nainital, Haldwani, Haridwar and a few others enjoy access to most of the modern facilities. The major sources of income for the state of Uttarakhand are agriculture industry and other industry also such like tourism and hydropower, and the recent development in IT, ITES, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, and automobile.
The land of Uttarakhand is full with variety of handmade craft which mainly include wood related items such like wood basket, flower pot, tables, etc. The best way to capture beauty of mountain is painting .The traditional dress for women in Uttarakhand remains Sarong, a mantle-type dress, tightened with a blouse and an Odani and Khorpi. Where as in the weddings or special occasion, native women are seen wearing the attractive Rangwali Pichora or Ghagra Choli. A significantly large nose ring (nath) and necklace called Galoband are also worn by the women during festivals/special occasion. In Kumaoni region, the dresses are slightly different for women and so is the choice of colors. Ladies in Kumaoni also put a different neck piece called Hansuli. Kumaoni men can be seen wearing same Kurta and Dhoti like the Garhwali men but they seem to be fond of jewelry and often seen wearing a variety of it in neck and hands. There are different dresses of Jaunsari and Bhotiya tribes in the state. However, in the recent time, the people in Uttarakhand for daily life wear the modern jeans/trousers and t-shirt/shirt irrespective of gender. The women can also be seen in sarees and ladies suit.
By- Prof.Nidhi Naithani
Rai University, Ahmedabad